Chapter 8 (def) sex biological distinction between males and female. Mother contributes the x father contributes x or y. Testicular tissue produces testosterone triggers male genitalia (def) primary sex characteristics the genitals, organs used for reproduction (def) secondary sex characteristics bodily development, apart from genitals, that distinguishes males from females. French kiss publicly 1 on each cheek. Example of cultural universal (def) cultural universal an element found in every society around the world (def) incest taboo a norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives. Controlling sex between relatives element of social organization. It can integrate families with larger societies as they look for mates beyond close kin. European immigrants limit sex to marriage. Early puritan settlers imposed severe penalties for sexual misconduct. 1969 in canada birth control & homosexuality removed from criminal code. Canadians are both restrictive and permissive when it comes to sex. Experience sexual freedom during the roaring twenties .