SOC 1500 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Restorative Justice, Canadian Police Information Centre, Csi Effect

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Crime control philosophies: first 3, retribution, deterrence. Related to the crime control model and focus on the offence: other 3, restitution, rehabilitation, restorative justice. Just deserts the punishments that offenders receive reflect the seriousness of their crime: get what they deserve, deterrence the use of punishment to impede or discourage wrongful behaviour, police, courts, and correctional systems, specific deterrence. Pain or consequences of being punished will deter an offender from committing further crimes: general deterrence. After (cid:449)it(cid:374)essi(cid:374)g or lear(cid:374)i(cid:374)g a(cid:271)out a(cid:374) offe(cid:374)der"s pu(cid:374)ish(cid:373)e(cid:374)t, the populatio(cid:374) (cid:449)ill be less likely to violate the law: more likely to work when punishments are swift, certain, and severe. Justice system works against this (works with due process: case processing time the ti(cid:373)e (cid:271)et(cid:449)ee(cid:374) a(cid:374) i(cid:374)di(cid:448)idual"s arrest a(cid:374)d (cid:449)he(cid:374) the (cid:272)ase is resol(cid:448)ed, median about 4 months. Increased for multiple or serious offences: punishments for most crimes are not very severe, deterrence is unlikely to work effectively.

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