Textbook Notes (368,164)
Canada (161,688)
Sociology (1,112)
SOC 1500 (173)
Chapter 4

SOC*1500 Chapter 4

3 Pages
101 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 1500
Professor
Mavis Morton
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 4 – Victims and Victimization Victims can influence criminal behaviour by playing an active role in the criminal incident (ex. Provoking/insulting the attacker) Loss and Suffering of Victims:  Victims’ suffering does not end after the crime is committed, they must relive the scenario in questioning by police, and even put under some suspicion by police  Their property is often kept for a long time as evidence and sometimes never given back  May suffer stress and anxiety  They are more likely to experience a lower quality of life afterwards Perception of Risk of Being a Victim  People don’t rely on their own experiences to feel risk of being a victim  Crime can be distorted by the media – this effects demands for police services, public’s perception of courts and how politicians develop programs to fight crime Cycle of Violence  Victims of certain crimes are more likely to commit crimes themselves  More likely to commit crimes if they are the target of physical abuse or exposed to interadult violence Victim Characteristics Gender: women are overall more likely to be victims; in certain crimes male victims outweigh women and vice versa Age: young people commit a greater proportion of certain crimes; this may be due to the life style of young people (partying, drinking, staying out late) Social Status: the poorest Canadians are more likely to be the victims of crimes; poverty increases the risk of child abuse Relationship: a surprising number of violent crime victims are either related to or acquainted with their attackers Repeat Victimization  Certain patterns of behaviour encourage victimization – people can become chronic victims  They are a combination of personal and social factors  Finkelhor and Asdigian found THREE characteristics that increase likelihood of becoming a victim: 1) Target Vulnerability – physical weakness makes them an easy target 2) Target Gratifiability – the victim has a quality that the offender wants to obtain 3) Target antagonism - the victim arouses anger, jealousy or destructive impulses in the offender Theories of Victimization Hans Von Hentig: portrays the victim as someone who ‘shapes and molds the criminal’ Schafer: focuses on the victim’s responsibility in provoking or encouraging the criminal Victim Percipitation Theory - Can be either active or passive Active: occurs when victims act provocatively (threats, fighting words) Passive:  Occurs when the victim has certain personal characteristics that unknowingly threatens or encourages the attacker  For example: women in the work force may be seen as threatening by insecure and emotionally unstable men.  Hatred can be pass
More Less

Related notes for SOC 1500

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit