Week 12: criminal justice system"s response to crime (corrections) Chapter 8 responding to crime page #210-232: It can be applied in criminal cases when there has been disagreement on a subject of law from provincial courts of appeal. Incapacitation refers to the idea that individuals with lengthy criminal records should be removed from society for extended period of time. Capital punishment: capital punishment the state of taking the life of a criminal; the ultimate penalty that a person can pay for breaking the law, usually by committing murder, canada abolished capital punishment in 1976. Prisons: sending a convicted criminal to prison, or to a correctional institution is usually considered to be the harshest punishment that judges can issue to the offenders in canada today. Judges may give an offender credit for the time spend on remand when issuing a sentence.