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SOC 2070 Chapter Notes -Erving Goffman

Course Code
SOC 2070
Linda Hunter

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WEEK 7 READINGS PART II SOC 2070 Adler Readings
Identity Development
- the process of acquiring a deviant identity unfolds in stages as a ‘deviant’ or
‘moral’ career, with people passing through stages that move them out of
their innocent identities towards one labeled as ‘different’ by society
- Adler and Adler 7 Stages of the Deviant Identity Career
o Stage 1:
Begins once people are caught and publicly identified as
Other starts to think of them differently
o Stage 2:
People will change their attitudes toward him or her, or talking
about him/her behind him/her back
They may look at her behaviour and engage in retrospective
interpretation, as they think about them differently, reflecting
back onto the past to see if him/her current and earlier
because can be recast differently in the light of their new
o Stage 3:
As new spreads, they might develop a ‘spoiled identity’, one
with a tarnished reputation
Deviant labeling is hard to reverse and once people’s identities
(Erikson suggested) are spoiled, they are hard to socially
o Stage 4:
The dynamics of exclusion (Lemert), friends start deriding and
ostracizing him/her from their social group
o Stage 5:
Others may welcome or include him/her into their deviant
circles or activities
They may find that they have developed a reputation that,
though repelling tom some groups, is attractive to others
o Stage 6:
Others usually begin to treat differently those defined as
deviant, indicating through their actions that their feelings and
attitudes towards the newly deviant have shifted, often in a
negative sense
- Lemert primary and secondary deviance
o Primary deviance:
A stage when people commit deviant acts, but their deviance
goes unrecognized
o Secondary deviance:
Individuals initially deny label as they come into this stage, but
eventually come to accept it reluctantly as it becomes
increasingly pressed upon them
- Kitsuse tertiary deviance
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