SOC 2070 Chapter Notes -Antisocial Personality Disorder, Somatic Symptom Disorder, Health Canada

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WEEK 7 READINGS SOC 2070 CHAPTER 7
CHAPTER 7: MENTAL DISORDERS
- mental disorder:
o psychological, biological or behavioural dysfunction that interferes
with daily life
Who has mental Disorders?
- Health Canada has found that approximately 20% of adult Canadians have a
mental illness, and 80% of Canadians know someone with a mental illness
- WHO has found that mental disorders affect 25% of the world’s population at
some point in their lives: at any given point in time, more than 450 million
people are experiencing a mental disorder
- Depression, anxiety and somatic disorders are the most common 1 in 3
- Overall rates of mental disorder are virtually identical in men and women,
but recognize that there are distinct differences in the patterns and types of
mental illness
- Antisocial personality disorder, substance abuse dependency disorders, and
conduct disorders are much more common in men
- Disorders known at common mental disorders, depression and anxiety, are
much more common in women.
- Reasons why women in countries throughout the world are more likely to
experience depression and anxiety are largely sociocultural in nature
- Although socioeconomic status interacts with gender, both womena dn men
of low socioeconomic status have higher rates of most types of mental illness,
especially depression and anxiety
- The social causation hypothesis suggest that more life stresses and fewer
resources characterize the lives of the lower class, contributing to the
emergence of mental disorders
- Age is also correlated with mental illness. Mental illness is more prevalent
among adolescents and young adults, and most mental disorders first emerge
during this time in life..
The Cost of Mental Illness
- having a mental disorder can contribute to a wide range of negative life
outcomes
o eg. having a mental disorder is associated with higher rates of teen
pregnancy and early marriage, and a greater risk of marital instability,
all of which contribute to difficulties for the children being raised in
those environments
o each year, individuals with mental disorders earn thousands of dollars
less than those without mental disorders
- some illnesses are correlated with other physical ailments; example
depression is related to a higher risk of heart disease
- the emotional burden of living with a mental disorder creates a considerable
challenge to all aspects of daily living and influences the quality of life overall
- five of the ten leading causes of disabilities in Canada are mental illnesses
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Document Summary

Chapter 7: mental disorders: psychological, biological or behavioural dysfunction that interferes with daily life. Health canada has found that approximately 20% of adult canadians have a mental illness, and 80% of canadians know someone with a mental illness. Who has found that mental disorders affect 25% of the world"s population at some point in their lives: at any given point in time, more than 450 million people are experiencing a mental disorder. Depression, anxiety and somatic disorders are the most common 1 in 3. Overall rates of mental disorder are virtually identical in men and women, but recognize that there are distinct differences in the patterns and types of mental illness. Antisocial personality disorder, substance abuse dependency disorders, and conduct disorders are much more common in men. Disorders known at common mental disorders, depression and anxiety, are much more common in women.

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