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Chapter 2

Bereska: Chapter 2 Summary

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 2070
Professor
Linda Hunter
Semester
Winter

Description
WEEK 3 1292012 42200 PM TEXTBOOK CHAPTER SUMMARY SOC2070 BERESKA CH 2o Many different theories re used in the sociology of deviance corresponding to the various ways one can look at deviance Each theory shines a spotlight on a particular aspect of deviance and provides one way of understanding it o People with more objective views of deviance who are interested in why deviant people become that way find positivist theories to be the most useful Positivist sociological theories are modeled after theories in the natural sciences as tools for mastering the natural or social environmento People with more subjective views of deviance find interpretive and critical theories to be the most useful for understanding societal perceptions of and reactions to particular acts as well as the role played by power in these perceptions and reactionso Functionalist theories dominated positivist understandings of deviance for many years suggesting that problems with the social structure cause some people to become deviant Durkheim directed his attention to anomie as the root cause of deviance Merton suggested a strain between institutionalized goals and legitim
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