Sunday, November 9, 2014
Chapter 10: Unconventional Beliefs
what is referred to as cognitive deviance is as important as unconventional behaviour
that manifests itself in actual behaviour., even the mere expression of those beliefs is
likely to result in negative reactions. for ex; those who do not believe in god may not be
political ideas make up a major constellation of our belief system. cognitive deviance
often reveals cultural differences so vast that when they are revealed, some think of it
and some automatically kill them. it tends to often generate hostility and punitive
reactions and the exercise of power, one side or the other. for ex; mutual deviantization.
those who have no power cannot win over those who are part of the higher hierarchy.
cognitive deviance is the expression of beliefs that are contrary to the views of speciﬁc
audiences, one being the mainstream. it is not practiced to be arrested for having your
Informal reactions to deﬁnitions of right and wrong verify that expressing certain beliefs
is deviants but you can lose your job. so having beliefs that go off the beaten path are
considered as deviant.
behavioural minorities varied from the norm in conduct while those of cognitive varied
from respect to their beliefs. cognition refers to knowing that is one believes to be true. it
holds the disbeliefs, guesses, suspicions, judgements. It refers to the belief that a given
assertion or claim is valid. and it is the expression of beliefs that gets the believer in
trouble. and then the belief has to be known by the audience but it also depends on the
audience as well.
often, unacceptable beliefs translate into or become a basis for unacceptable behaviour.
the believer can become an actor. Hence, audience may label them because they fear
that they pose a clear and present danger to the way of life.
still independent of behaviour the mere expression of unconventional beliefs is a form
of deviance. psychiatrists see that those who express those beliefs are pathological
psychic condition hence having a mental disorder. In contrast, cognitive deviance is not
directly linked to psychological disorders. they may be empirically related but they can
be separated and distinguished. A belief is deviant in two ways: norms and reaction
because most is based on the audience.
Sunday, November 9, 2014
Lets be clear: deviance is never solely a matter of the members of one social category
word against word of another. this means that some beliefs are more dominant than
others; some have more power and credibility and some can eliminate others. some
beliefs are mainstream inside the lines and others are outside the lines.
The Social Functions of Belief Systems
-sociologists attempt to understand the social conditions that generate or encourage
them. the basic insight of sociology is that beliefs serve social functions that
transcend their uniqueness and empirical validity or truth value. beliefs usually grow
out of real world contains and tend to have real world consequences.
-the relationship between the ideational world - the world of thoughts, beliefs and
ideas vs the material world - how we make a living, everything we have etc.
-most of us think that what we believe comes from our own individuality. We convince
our beliefs would e the same even with social inﬂuences.
-the ﬁrst socially accepted principle is the one that the beliefs arise throughout social
interaction with others and the way we reﬂect about everything at a place in time
along with the economy.
-Max Weber argued that religious beliefs inﬂuence the economic life and society and
vice versa. * simulated capitalism. - that is the way they live inﬂuences the likelihood
that they would be receptive to certain ideas. weber neither sees the ruling class so
dominant that their ideas are the ruling ideas of the era nor does he think liberation as
the only function of the ideas.
-Hence, it is a two-way street: people are attracted to beliefs because they are
compatible with the way they live but the way they live is much more than economic
circumstances alone. the functions that deviant belief systems serve can be look at
two different ways: the function they serve for the believer and the functions that
oppose unconventional beliefs and the condemnations of the believers. Each afﬁrms
a way of life or a certain vision of how things are.
-some are backed up by demonology - the designation of an immoral wrongdoer who
represents evil in the ﬂesh while others point out the errors that are perpetrated by
persons who fail to see things the way they see them. thus, in cognitive deviance
there are two sets of deviants: each side of the controversy and the other side. but
there is the vertical dimension: creationist are marginalized and they see evolutionary
perspective are seen as deviant. - those who think UFOs are real they need to think
of both ways - vertical and horizontal.