SOC 2280 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Social Inequality, Great Transition, World-Systems Theory

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28 Nov 2011
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Chapter 7 Summary (Part 1 )
Sustainability
sustainable development - inventing ways of meeting human needs while preserving the
capacity of the biophysical environment to do so
-people believe that we have already exceeded earth's carrying capacity
-five sociological bodies of research that contribute to understanding sustainability
1. time horizons
2. risk analysis
3. public realms
4. private realms
5. social change
Contextualizing the Human Impact Again
--driving forces of environmental change
1. population size and growth
2. political economies that stimulate growth
3. cultural values and belief systems
4. technology
- I = PAT model as a research tool
-important b/c it incorporates the major human driving forces of change
Affluence/Social Inequality and Environment
-"affluence" the A in "I = PAT
-it is the consequence of the operation of more basic human system components
Social Inequity, Stratification and Environment
-three dimension for stratification apply
1. economic inequality
2. racial and ethnic inequality
3. inequalities among nations
-the gap between rich and poor was smilers in the past and has now become a large
gap "The rich get richer and the poor become poorer"
-in U.S.A more than half a million in 1988 lived in shelters and used soup kitchens
-this imposes that the environmental impacts different people in different ways
-environment is a social justice issue \
-percentage of people living in poverty in the 1960's is about the same as today (about
20%)
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