SOC 2700 Chapter 13: SOC2700- chapter 13 reading notes

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SOC2700- Chapter 13
Public Order Crimes
Public order crimes or victimless crimes are behaviours that run opposite to societies
norms and usually include acts that offend our moral sense of how people should act
Mala in se mean inherently evil and wrong
Mala prohibition crimes which are behaviors outlawed because they conflict with social
policy, moral sensibilities and current public opinions
Law and Morality
The purpose of criminal law is protecting society and reduce social harm
The victim is harder to identify in immoral acts such as prostitution because the parties
involved may be willing participants
Some people are forced into things like prostitution due to the life they have lived and
the struggles they have gone through
Although Less then 20% of prostitutes are juveniles currently, most started by the age of
18
Criminal or Immoral?
Just because acts are immoral does not mean they are criminal
Violations of conventional morality may even be tolerated because they serve a useful
social function
Some acts seem well intentioned but are sill illegal like if you were to steal food to feed
a homeless person
We cannot say that immoral acts become illegal when they are harmful to the public
because what about the use of Tabaco and alcohol while driving a car, this is legal
Moral Crusades
Vigilante is someone who takes the law into their own hands and acts outside the law in
the interest of justice
Moral crusaders are efforts made by interest groups to stamp out behaviour they find
objectionable; typically, public order crimes such as drugs or the use of porn
- Popular targets of moral crusades are abortion clinics, pornographers, gun deals etc.
- Moral crusades are directed against people defined as evil by a segment of the
population, so its like if an author was going to do a reading at a school but people
believed they were evil so they went on a moral crusade to make sure that the
author could not read at the school by proving they are evil
Moral entrepreneurs are interest groups that attempt to control social life for the
purpose of promoting their own personal set of moral values
Paraphilia is abnormal sexual practices that may involve recurrent sexual urges focused
on objects, humiliation or children
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Paraphilia
Focused on the abnormal practices involving non human objects such as underwear,
shoes and leather, humiliation or the experience of receiving pain like bondage and
finally children and others who cannot consent
In paraphilia that involve unwilling or underage victims, the victim and offender often
have a prior relationship as family members, inmates or acquaintances
General family members are involved in about a quarter of sexual assaults and a third of
other sexual offences, while acquaintances commit about half
Many sexual assaults will involve children under the age of 12 and the offender is
typically older then other violent offenders, heterosexual and more likely to related to
or known by the victim and exploiting a position of authority
Prostitution
Earliest record of prostitution appears in ancient Mesopotamia where priests engaged
in sex to promote fertility in the community and all women were required to do temple
duty and passing strangers were expected to make donations to the temple after
enjoying its services
Prostitution was tied to the rise of English brewery companies during the early 19th
century, the breweries would employ prostitutes in saloons to attract patrons and
encourage them to drink
Prostitution is defining as the consensual exchange of sex for money and money for sex
The exchange in itself is not illegal, although it is virtually impossible not to break some
part of the law
The new commuting law prohibits commuting in public place for the purpose of buying
or selling sexual services, but this new law led to prostitutes facing much more violence
Incidence of prostitution
Of the 2,077 prostitution related offences recorded in 2012 most were for
communication, this was a decline of 3 percent over the previous year but an increase
of 91 percent over the previous decade
Most people changed with prostitution are both males and females
Of the people convicted in 2003 -2004, 30 percent received a fine, almost half received
probation an less then a quarter went to jail
Types of Prostitution
Prostitutes that work the streets are called hustlers, hookers or streetwalkers
Streetwalkers are considered to be the least attractive, lowest paid and the most
vulnerable
Streetwalkers wear bright clothing and make up and usually take their clients to cars or
motels
Streetwalkers are most likely to be members of ethnic minorities, to live in poverty and
suffer from addiction
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Many are young runaways who go to bigger cities to find an exciting life and escape
sexual and physical abuse from home
Bar girl or B-girls spend their time in bars drinking and waiting to get picked up by
customers
B-girls work out an arrangement with the bartenders so that they are served diluted
drinks or water coloured dye or tea, for which the customer is charged an exorbitant
price
It is common to find B girls in towns with the military bases and large transient
populations
Brothels flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries and were established to run by
madams that house several prostitutes
The owner or the madam employs and supervises the prostitutes and takes a cut of
their earnings
the owner’s role may include recruiting women into prostitution and socializing them
with the trade
the aristocrats of prostitution are call girls who charge their customers thousands of
dollars per encounter and make more then 100,000 per year
some gain clients through employment in escort services, while other develop
independent customer lists
many call girls come from middle class backgrounds and service upper class customers
call girls get their clients by word of mouth or by making arrangements with bellhops,
cab drivers and so on
they either entertain their clients in their apartments or hotel
in adult entertainment zones of large cities are rap booths, here the prostitute and her
customer occupy booths that are separated by a glass wall and they talk on the phone
for as long as the customer is willing to pay
the more money he spends the more she engages in sexual banter and disrobing, no
actual touching takes place and sex is through masturbation
some sex trade work is based in massage parlours, where prostitutes provide oral sex
and manual stimulation
photography studios and escort services are other possible covers for commercial sex
stag party girls will service all male’s parties and groups by putting on shows and having
sex with participants
Becoming a Prostitute
both male and female prostitutes come from troubled homes marked by extreme
conflict
many have long histories of sexual exploitation and abuse
conflict with school authorities, poor grades and drug abuse are often contributing
factors
growing up in a slum, living in a single parent home, being a member of a gang, and
being unemployed
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Document Summary

Public order crimes or victimless crimes are behaviours that run opposite to societies norms and usually include acts that offend our moral sense of how people should act. Mala in se mean inherently evil and wrong. Mala prohibition crimes which are behaviors outlawed because they conflict with social policy, moral sensibilities and current public opinions. The purpose of criminal law is protecting society and reduce social harm. The victim is harder to identify in immoral acts such as prostitution because the parties involved may be willing participants. Some people are forced into things like prostitution due to the life they have lived and the struggles they have gone through. Although less then 20% of prostitutes are juveniles currently, most started by the age of. Just because acts are immoral does not mean they are criminal. Violations of conventional morality may even be tolerated because they serve a useful social function.

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