Chapter 9: social conflict theory page #282-314: conflict theory a general approach that sees criminal behaviour as caused by economic inequality, and criminal law defined by those in power. Privilege: privilege the concept that the wealth and prestige enjoyed by some, puts them in conflict with those in society who are less well off, class discrimination that is based on privilege can be quite subtle. Historical analysis: a second type of marxist research focuses on the historical background of commonly held institutional beliefs and practices, to show how changes in the criminal law correspond to the development of a capitalist economy. March 17th, 2016: crime is a good way for men to do gender because abusers believe it separated them from the weak and allows them to demonstrate physical bravery. In egalitarian families, daughters gain a kind of freedom that reflects reduced parental control. The definition of the law is controlled by people who hold social and political power.