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SOC 2760 (121)
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Chapter 9

Chapter 9 Children Who Kill.docx

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University of Guelph
SOC 2760
Rob Shearer

Chapter 9 Children Who Kill Definitions  The term juvenile is often interpreted to refer to children younger than 18 years History  U.S common law does not consider children younger than 7 years capable of mens rea  Not believed to be able to commit an intended act Official data on homicide by children  Less than 10% or 2821 of those arrested for murder and nonnegligent manslaughter for the years 2002 to 2004 were younger than 18 years  Over 10 times as many children between the ages of 10 and 12 were arrested and even more or 289 between the ages of 13 and 14 were believed to have killed in these years Trends: are children killing more often or less often?  The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that among preadolescents (under the age of 14) homicide commission began increasing in the late 1980s and continued to increase in the early 1990s  Among those ages 14 to 17 there was a very rapid increase after 1985 when the rate was 10.5 per 100 000  The rate continued to increase to a peak rate of 31.3 per 100 000 in 1993  After the rate has decreased and in 2002, it was 9.0 per 100 000 Sex and Juvenile Homicide Offenders • _Males far outnumber females as juvenile homicide offenders • _As age increases, the percentage of males arrested also increases  • _Data on homicide by juveniles also indicates that the number of female juvenile homicide offenders has remained fairly constant over the past 20 years, with about 130 girls committing homicide each year between 1980 and 1997 Race and Juvenile Homicide Offenders • _Just over half (56%) of known juvenile homicide offenders between 1980 and 1997 were African American • _African American juveniles used guns in 72% of their offenses; Asians used firearms in 67% of their offenses; whites used guns in 59% of their offenses, and only 48% of Native American juvenile offenders used guns Youths were more likely to kill individuals of their own race Victim/Offender Relationships: Who Do Children Kill? • _Both male and female juvenile offenders most often kill acquaintances • _54% of male and 46% of female offenders kill their acquaintances • _Boys were more likely than girls to kill strangers • _Family members made up only 9% of the victims killed by males, whereas 39% of those killed by female juvenile offenders were family members Parricide • _The act of a child killing a parent • _The killing of one’s father is called patricide; the killing of one’s mother is called matricide • _Kathleen Heide suggests that 3 types of children kill their parents • _1 , most common are severely abused children, who in a sense, feel they nde trapped (may be physically, emotionally or sexually abused) • _2 , those children who are m
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