Several researchers shave recognized the importance of violence as a public health
problem, and public health officials feel the same.
∙ Higher income level countries with established markets have lower rates of homicide
mortality than lowerincome nations.
∙ Mortality estimates suggests that violent death is one of the main reasons there has been
little reduction during the past 20 to 30 years in the overall mortality rates among 2050
year olds. (342)
∙ High rate of violence creates fear, uncertainty and stress, which will have a negative effect
on an individual’s health. (344)
∙ Psychological and emotional health is an issue for offenders as well because a large
portion of offenders already have underlying mental health issues, or develops issues
when locked up. (344)
∙ Individual homicide events may seem random, but when examined closely, homicide rates
display demographic, temporal and sparital patterns that are visible and affect
communities and society as a whole (345).
∙ Pridemore addresses that homicide is preventable as it can be “mitigated with concerted
policies and prevention techniques, which also involves adding public health. (345)
∙ The Global Burden of Disease Project estimated that there were around 560,000 homicides
worldwide in 1990. (346) ∙ Age and gender specific homicide rates were highest for young men age 15 to 29 years.
Among females, children from 0 to 4 were categorized under the highest homicide
mortality rates, due to female infanticide. (346)
∙ Homicide rates vary from nation to nation. (346)
∙ The high homicide rates among black youth males needed more attention, as it became a
concern during the 1980s and 1990s, as homicide was the leading cause of death with
black males between 15 to 24 years old. (347)
∙ Although the Sovi