Textbook Notes (368,214)
Canada (161,710)
Sociology (1,112)
SOC 2760 (121)
Rob Shearer (108)
Chapter 7

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 2760
Professor
Rob Shearer
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 7 – Confrontational Homicide - Particular homicide can fall into more than 1 category - Confrontational Homicide: Most common type of homicide; argument evolves into violence and ends in death of at least 1 of the participants - Confrontational homicides tend to occur in public places such as bars, parties, parking lots or in nearby streets/alleys - Participants are often, but not always, intoxicated or under the influence of alcohol or illicit substances - Threat may be an insult, bump, or some sort of nonverbal challenge - No intention of murder - Victim killed with available object (ex. first or beer bottle) - Men as both victims and offenders - Around 1/3 of homicides are confrontational - Women generally make up >15% of homicide offenders in any country - Homicides resulting from arguments remain the most frequently cited circumstance for known circumstances - 1/3 (29.8%) homicides during 2004 were related to some type of brawl or argument - Homicide = end result of confrontation when man feels his honor is challenged - Victim-Precipitated Homicide: Homicide incidents in which the victim was the 1 to st employ “physical force against the subsequent slayers” - Can often also be categorized as confrontational homicide - Not uncommon for victim or homicide to be involved in events that led to his/her death - Victims in victim-precipitated homicides were more likely to be male and African American - 94% of victims were males as compared to 70% in non-victim precipitated homicides - Nearly 80% victims were African American compared to 70% in non- victim precipitated homicides - Women found to make up larger % (29%) of victim-precipitated homicide offenders as compared with non-victim precipitated homicides (14%) - Majority of homicides occurred on the weekends and between the hours of 6pm-2am - Almost ½ homicides occurred in a home - Over 60% of cases involved victims and offenders who were either related or friends - Luckenbill’s 6 Stages of Confrontational Homicide: 1. Opening Move: Victim does something that is viewed as an affront by the offender (ex. disparaging remark) - 3 basic types of action start the homicide transaction: a. Most common opening move = comment that offender believes is offensive - 41% of cases fit this scenario b. Victim refuses to do what offender wants - 2 most common occurring in 34% of cases c. Offender finds nonverbal gesture made by victim to be personally offensive - 25% of cases 2. Interpretation of the event in the opening move as an affront - Offender views whatever victim has done as offensive - 60% of cases 
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