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SOC 3750 (50)
Chapter 13

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University of Guelph
SOC 3750
Bill O' Grady

Chapter 13 CHAPTER 13 - UNDER THE RADAR  Sexual exploitation --> the abuse of children and youth by exchanging sexual activity for money, drugs and/or basic needs Factors Leading to ‘Under the Radar’: The Sexual Exploitation of Young Men  young men are invisible and ignored in the issue of sexual exploitation  typically viewed as criminals, often charged with prostitution-related offences o Most likely under section 213 of the Criminal Code (Box 13-1)  Most were forced or coerced into the sex trade by an adult  Most viewed it as a means for survival, and not a choice customer --> an individual who is a consumer and pursues the opportunity to purchase activity from a sex-trade worker experiential --> refers to an individual who has worked and lived the lifestyle of a sex-trade worker Consultations with Youth in Care Networks  national Youth and Care Network --> an organization run by youth and former youth from government care who advocate for youth in care o outcome of a national movement in ‘85 o vision was to develop a network that would connect their peers from all provinces and territories so they would know they weren’t alone  It’s clear that at some point these young men were failed by the very people who were supposed to care for them Key Demographics from Study  Key risk factors involved o Aboriginal Heritage o Involvement with Child Protective Services  had not received adequate info on sexual development or health while growing up o Education  young men were more likely to drop out of school than women  less than a quarter of dropouts are Aboriginal young men  just over half of them grew up in government care o Running away  generally reflects distress/conflict in the family  many interviewed said their first introduction to hustling/working in the sexual exploitation trade occurred while they were ‘on the run’ and trying to survive o Getting thrown out  the loss of family and community support encourages street youth to identify more strongly with other street people  respondents indicated various reasons for being thrown out  ranged from not fitting in socially, spiritually, sexually or culturally Sexual and physical violation sexual abuse and exploitation involves using a child for sexual purposes  fondling, inviting a child to touch or be touched sexually, intercourse, rape, incest, sodomy, exhibitionism, involving a child in prostitution or porn many had a history of sexual abuse prior to their involvement with the sex trade Witnessing aggression while growing up involvement with police 79% of respondents reported having a background involvement with the police  either family of origin, involvement in general community, or involvement with streets The Work Life/Hustling of Sexually Exploited Young Men Entering the Sexual Exploitation Trade  reasons for entering into sexual exploitation results from complex, myriad personal and impersonal factors o mostly needs to survive - none reported a ‘goal’ to enter into, or remain involved with the sexual exploitation trade  most saw it as a short-term method to make money  Others said they wanted to feel wanted and belong to a culture/peer group o most ‘on the run’ said they felt isolated, a sense of ‘anomie’ from their families and communities - this led them closer to the sex trade  many felt compromised, strange or immoral in what they were doing o but through involvement, found a camaraderie and acceptance they hadn’t previously known or that had been missing from their lives  social control theory - deviance as a way of attaching and belonging, as a means of commitment and involvement  some learned the ‘protocol’ of sex work by observing others and mimicking their actions o young men from study spoke about how they just fell into the surroundings of the sexual exploitation trade Age at Beginning Hustling/Working Table 13.1 - Under the Radar - The Sexual Exploitation of Young Men in Western Canada, 2009 Age Started Percent 8-9 3 10-11 4 12-13 15 14-15 22 16-17 29 18-19 16 20-21 6 22-23 2 24+ 3 Time Spent Hustling/Working  time working will affect the intervention plan and needs a person will need when considering exiting  majority had been in the trade longer than 2 years  9% had been working in the trade for less than a year o remain out of sight - work in an underground manner  preventative support services and other forms of outreach services aren’t as readily available or as accessible  circumstances often limit ability of social support services to connect with these individuals  there are very few supports for young men exiting in Canada Work Locations  cars, hotels, apartments, truck stops, parks, chat lines, house parties, bars, lobbies, washrooms, street Shelter Stays  for many, shelters were the only option available to them o small number reported negative/unsafe experiences within homeless shelters, which
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