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ANTH 1210 (69)
Chapter 5

ANTH 1210 Chapter 5: Topic 50
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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1210
Professor
Haskel J.Greenfield
Semester
Fall

Description
O982 o Best known late Miocene hominoid o Ancestor of orangutan o Ancestor of Asian apes orangutan o Originally thought to be earliest ancestors of humans Teeth adapted to foods in drier and more open habitats Similar to panda and baboon Thick dental enamel on molars, low cusps of large premolars and molars wearing flat Small canines with pronounced sexual dimorphism Broad central incisors Mandible is relatively deep Face zygomatic arches flaring Orthognathous (nonprojecting) Arboreal quadrupedalism Degree of climbing and suspension Gigantopithecus Largest primate ever 2.75 m tall 272 kg China, Vietnam Vegetarian Fossilization Taphonomy = Science of what is lost What we find is not what was originally there Look at process of fossilization Pliocene 51.9 MYA Hominins flourish o at least 3 geni o Ardipethecus, Australopithecus, Homo Miocene Hominoid Evolution
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