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Chapter 5

ANTH 1210 Chapter 5: Topic 56
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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1210
Professor
Haskel J.Greenfield
Semester
Fall

Description
o78P 2 forms of later: Africanus (slender, gracile), Robustus (heavyset) Africanus 1925 Raymond Dart Taung South Africa Small brained, slender hominin Mixed plant (fruit and vegetable) diet, scavenging meat Larger face, males crest, sexual dimorphism 11.5 m tall, 3045 kg cc. 480 location of foramen magnum = under skull, implies bipedalism Robustus 1939 Robert Broom Kromdraii found after school boy, found some teeth Swartkrans Makapansgat Also called: other names Black skull Small brained Megadonta thick enamel, large molars, dominate incisors Diet grasslands, vegetable, hardtough **Sexual Dimorphism o Sagittal crest males larger than females, similar to gorillas Cranial Capacity Africanus = 450 cc Robustus = 550 cc obustus ? Tool use perishable, chimpanzee pattern (not made of stone) o = precultural humans
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