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Chapter 5

ANTH 1210 Chapter 5: Topic 58

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University of Manitoba
ANTH 1210
Haskel J.Greenfield

o982 uses German spelling Species Homo habilis and Homo erectus ldowan Tools Stone tools used by Homo habilis included lava cobbles, pebble choppers Very few types of tools Method of production percussion (hard hammer technique) Banging one stone against another Flakes used to remove meat from bones Cobbles and choppers used to break open bones to get at marrow and break open nuts and hard plant food Hunters or scavengers? Cut marks overlay tooth marks = scavenging, not hunting Sites Evidence of Hominid Activities Tools durable record of behavior Site can find once hominids start breaking rocks Many sites in Africa Subsistence How do we go about getting our food? Evidence from Homo habilis Hunting of small game (analogy), scavenging of large game (archaeological evidence) sharing of meet (archaeological evidence), gathering of plants (analogy) Proportion of Meat and Plants in Diet Modern HG o Nonarctic (80 plants 20 meat) Arctic (reversed, dont cook meat = dont lose vitamins and mineral) Problems of Ground Living Defense Stimulate social behavior, large group size, cooperative organization, weapons, tool making in general Huntergatherers Band (micro) 25 people, all ages and sexes
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