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Chapter 6

ANTH 1210 Chapter 6: Topic 65
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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1210
Professor
Haskel J.Greenfield
Semester
Fall

Description
OS82 Early renditions of Neanderthals portrayed as brutish and very nonhuman Stooped posture Marcel Boule gets full skeleton of Neanderthal La Ferrassie Classic Neanderthal Different shaped skulls than our own Maxilla massive teeth Prognathic face Heavyrobust Kebara Cave Origins of language 1986 Hyoid, 60 000 YA Hyoid shape Not changed since then, similar to modern Neaderthals Modern anatomical capability of language Post cranial skeleton Limb bones massive, robust Often bowed in thigh and forearm (reflects great musculature) Heavy musculature appear in childhood Inherited from Homo erectus Neanderthal vs. Modern Essentially as modern humans o Post skeletal difference due to robusticity Same manual dexterity, posture, range and character of movements Cranial morphology biggest difference Cranial capacity 12501650 cc (average 1450) Brian size overlapped in size with ours, often much larger Phylogenetic relationship
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