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Chapter 6

ANTH 1210 Chapter 6: Topic 67

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ANTH 1210
Haskel J.Greenfield

O982 Postcranial differences between Neanderthal and AMHS (anatomically modern homo sapiens) Size = slightly larger Rusticity = slenderer How did AMHS evolve Africa = heartland of origin of species Anatomically modern species appearing 100 TYA Origin of modern races move out of Africa Move to near East, 60 TYA = unsuccessful Race = subspecies (within same species) Population replacement model Christopher Stringer o Modern humans evolved in Africa once o Sometime between 150100 TYA Spread out into EuropeAsia replacing pre modern humans (Archaics) and remnant groups of Homo erectus (Jews are endogamous Jews marry other Jews) Out of Africa aka Eve Theory Uses mitochondrial DNA o Very conservative o Inherited from mother Changes only with mutation (not with mitosis) Can predict rate of mutation Hence we can predict when change occurred Mitochondrial DNA Genetic diversity o More genetic diversity in those who come from Africa SubSaharan Less genetic diversity farther away Native American Upper Paleolithic
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