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Chapter 3

ANTH 1220 Chapter 3: Topic 24

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University of Manitoba
ANTH 1220
Ellen R.Judd

o982 Features: closedeye orbits, nocturnal,slowmoving, elongated tarsal (ankle bone), can turn head 180, digits end in platelike adhesive disks Diet: insectivore 1 genus remains, closer to other primates than Lorises and Lemurs Anthropoids Suborder (PrimatesAnthropoids) Dental formula = 2133 (lose 1 incisor of prosimian) = 36 teeth Dry nose 2 infra orders: Catarrhini (old world) and Platyrrhini (new world) Platyrrhini Infraorder (PrimatesAnthropoidsPlatyrrhini) New world monkeys Habitat: Southcentral America and Caribbean Islands (tropical rainforest) Features: arboreal, quadrupedal, broad nose with flaring nostrils, thick nasal septum, nostrils flare outwards 1 super family = Ceboidea Ceboidea Super family (PrimatesAnthropoidsPlatyrrhiniCeboidea) 2 families: Cebidae and Calitrichidae Cebidae Family (PrimatesAnthropoidsPlatyrrhiniCeboideaCebidae) Habitat: upper story of forest canopy Features: prehensile tail (squirrel monkey only has as infant), less rigid social organization than old world monkeys Diet: omnivore Howlers, spidermonkeys, squirrelmonkeys, capuchins, owlmonkeys, woody monkeys (most common) Calitrichidae Family (PrimatesAnthropoidsPlatyrrhiniCeboideaCalitrichidae) Features: smallest primates, nails on big digit, claws on others, nonopposable thumbs, diurnal, arboreal Diet: insectivoreomnivore Twins are common, live in family groups, adult size @ 1 year Marmosets and tamarins (5 genera, 26 species)
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