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ANTH 1220 (47)
Chapter 4

ANTH 1220 Chapter 4: Topic 37
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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1220
Professor
Ellen R.Judd
Semester
Winter

Description
OS82 Later Australopithecines 31 MYA 2 forms of later: Africanus (slender, gracile), Robustus (heavyset) Africanus 1925 Raymond Dart Taung South Africa Small brained, slender hominin Mixed plant (fruit and vegetable) diet, scavenging meat Larger face, males crest, sexual dimorphism 11.5 m tall, 3045 kg cc. 480 location of foramen magnum = under skull, implies bipedalism Robustus 1939 Robert Broom Kromdraii found after school boy, found some teeth Swartkrans Makapansgat Also called: other names Black skull Small brained Megadonta thick enamel, large molars, dominate incisors Diet grasslands, vegetable, hardtough **Sexual Dimorphism Sagittal crest males larger than females, similar to gorillas Cranial Capacity
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