ANTH 1220 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Natalism, Demographic Transition, High Tech

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Demography: the study of population dynamics in cross-cultural perspective. Fertility: the rate of births in a population, or the rate of population increase in general. Mortality: deaths in a population, or the rate of population decline in general or from particular causes. Migration: the movement of a person or people from one place to another. Modes of reproduction: the predominant patterns of fertility in a culture. Daily and seasonal movement results in relatively small number of children. Promotes and supports the highest fertility rates of any model of production (pronatalism) Prompted by the need for a large labour force to work the land, care for animals, process food, and do marketing. Replacement fertility and sometimes below-replacement fertility which leads to decline in population. Societies tend to be stratified and fertility rates vary between classes. Tend to have high involvement of high-tech technology in the reproduction process. Pronatalism: an ideology promoting the birthing of many children.

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