ANTH 1220 Chapter 6: Personality and Identity

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Chapter 6 personality and identity over the life cycle. Personality: a(cid:374) i(cid:374)di(cid:448)idual"s patter(cid:374)ed a(cid:374)d (cid:272)hara(cid:272)teristi(cid:272) (cid:449)a(cid:455) of (cid:271)eha(cid:448)i(cid:374)g, thi(cid:374)ki(cid:374)g, a(cid:374)d feeli(cid:374)g. Identity: a perso(cid:374)"s se(cid:374)se of self a(cid:374)d relatio(cid:374)s (cid:449)ith others. Ethnopsychology: the study of how various cultures define and create personality, identity, and mental health. Cultural configuration: ruth be(cid:374)edi(cid:272)t"s theor(cid:455) that (cid:272)ultures are for(cid:373)ed through the u(cid:374)(cid:272)o(cid:374)s(cid:272)ious selection of a few cultural traits that interweave to form a cohesive pattern shared by all members of the culture. Culture of poverty: os(cid:272)ar le(cid:449)is"s theor(cid:455) that the perso(cid:374)alit(cid:455) (cid:272)hara(cid:272)teristi(cid:272)s of the poor trap the(cid:373) i(cid:374) poverty. Person-centered ethnography: anthropological research that focuses on the individual and how the i(cid:374)di(cid:448)idual"s ps(cid:455)(cid:272)holog(cid:455) a(cid:374)d su(cid:271)je(cid:272)ti(cid:448)e e(cid:454)perie(cid:374)(cid:272)e (cid:271)oth shape a(cid:374)d are shaped (cid:271)(cid:455) the (cid:449)ider (cid:272)ulture. Cultural broker: a person who is familiar with the practices and beliefs of two or more cultures, and can promote cross-cultural understanding to prevent or mediate conflicts.

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