ANTH 1220 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Medical Anthropology, Historical Trauma, Ethnobotany

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Ethnomedicine: expands on conventional medicine, with a focus on new topics such as the a(cid:374)thropolog(cid:455) of the (cid:271)od(cid:455), (cid:272)ulture, a(cid:374)d disa(cid:271)ilit(cid:455), a(cid:374)d (cid:272)ha(cid:374)ge i(cid:374) i(cid:374)dige(cid:374)ous or (cid:862)traditio(cid:374)al(cid:863) heali(cid:374)g systems, especially resulting from the effects of globalization. Disease: in the disease/illness dichotomy, a biological health problem that is objective and universal (ex: viral infection or broken arm) Illness: in the disease/illness dichotomy, culturally specific perceptions and experiences of a health problem. Culture specific syndrome: a collection of signs and symptoms that is restricted to a particular culture or a limited number of cultures; also (cid:272)alled (cid:862)folk ill(cid:374)ess(cid:863); stress, fear or shock are often the underlying causes of these syndromes. Somatization: the process through which the body absorbs social stress and manifests symptoms of suffering. Ethno-etiologies: culturally specific casual explanations for health problems and suffering. Structural suffering: human health problems caused by such economic and political situations such as war, famine, terrorism, forced migration, and poverty.

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