FMLY 1010 Chapter 14: Topic 12

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Family Social Sciences
FMLY 1010
Christine A.Schippers

R98729 Results from gradual degeneration more ear wax secreted, bones of ear calcified, less elastic, cochlear membranes of inner ear become less flexible and less responsive Taste, Smell, Touch Taste buds do not decrease, but less saliva production Report blandness due to decrease in sense of smell (more in men than women) Behavioral Effects of Physical Changes (pg. 496) General Slowing Contributed by dendrite loss at neuronal level, arthritic changes in joints, loss of elasticity in muscles, temperature sensitivity Changes in complex motor activity driving, burning themselves Sleeping and Eating Patterns Decrease in REM, wake up more often in night o Go to bed early, wake up early, nap during the day Satiety: feeling of fullness that follows a meal doesnt last long in elderly hungry more often Motor Functions (pg. 498) Reduction in stamina, dexterity, balance From cardiovascular system, changes in muscles Balance from less muscular strength, changing body cues Difficulty with fine motor skills handwriting Sexual Activity EWWWWWWWWWWWW Declines in middle age and continues into late adulthood Decline in testosterone, overall health, blood pressure meds, Physiological capacity to respond to sexual stimulation, doesnt diminish with age Mental Health (pg. 500) Alzheimers Disease and Other Dementias Alzheimers Disease: severe form of dementia, cause is unknown Slow onset, but eventually need to be closely supervised DiagnosingTreating Alzheimers Disease Only be diagnosed after someone has died, include neurofibrillary tangles Surrounded by plaques deposits of proteins other substances 80 elderly complain of memory problems hard to diagnose Drugs given to slow down disease, physical activity helps, Heredity and Alzheimers Disease (pg. 502) Gene variant on chromosome 19 that controls production of protein thats linked to disease Range of age for onset varies from familyperson Other Types of Dementia Dementia is symptom, not a disease Multiinfarct dementia: form of dementia caused by onemore strokes Damage is irreversible Caused by depression, metabolic disturbances, drug intoxication, Parkinsons disease Incidence of Alzheimers and Other Dementias Rates rise with people in 70s and 80s (111 Canadians Depression (pg. 502)
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