FMLY 1010 Chapter 14: Topic 13
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Department
Family Social Sciences
Course Code
FMLY 1010
Professor
Christine A.Schippers

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R98729 Affected by ageism seen as grumpiness, focus more on physical concerns more than emotional problems Geriatric dysthymia: chronic depressed mood in older adults not lead to clinical depression and its form life stressors Risk Factors Inadequate social support, inadequate income, emotional loss, health problems Strongest predictor: health status, more disabling a condition, the more depressed More common in women although men get more depressed from Higher risk of depression if live in poverty Suicide (pg. 504) Rates per 100,000 have increased 75 since 50s Men 6x more likely to commit suicide than women, but women have more attempts Prevention and Interventions Treatments include: social supports, counseling, psychotherapy, antidepressant, exercise helps, religious beliefs, o Psychological treatment for mild depression, antidepressants and psychotherapy for severe depressions Cognitive Changes (pg. 506) Memory Short Term Memory Function No decline in reciting 7 digit number, but 10 digits there is decline with age Perform worse on retrospective memory something that just happened Outperform on Prospective memory tasks in natural setting, a home, but need external cues Strategy Learning (pg. 507) Learning process take longer for elderly, allowed more time, similar to young adults Everyday Memory Elderly perform less well overall in comparison to younger adults Taskspecific knowledge makes a difference among elderly older adults with larger vocabularies outperform peers who know fewer word Preliminary Explanation Memory decline associated with changes in ratio of grey to white matter in the brain, reduction in volume of hippocampus Gradual slowing slower reaction time at CNS and not in peripheral nerves Mental Exercise Older adults who continue to challenge themselves with complex mental activities can delayreverse normal decline of brain mass thats part of primary aging Wisdom and Creativity (pg. 509) Wisdom: hypothesized cognitive characteristic of older adults that includes accumulated knowledge and ability to apply that knowledge to practical problems of living Baltes five criteria essential to wisdom:
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