Vitamin D Deficiency
Rickets (Fig .) and osteomalacia (bone disease in children and
? Research: may ↑ risk of high blood pressure, some cancers,
type diabetes, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, IBD, MS
Risk of deficiency increases with age
Lower intake, housebound, ↓ ability to activate vitamin D.
Vitamin D Toxicity
Vitamin with most risk of toxicity; UL: ug/d (, IU)