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Canada (158,271)
HNSC 1200 (46)
Snehil Dua (46)
Chapter 1

HNSC 1200 Chapter 1: Topic 1.5

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University of Manitoba
Human Nutritional Sciences
HNSC 1200
Snehil Dua

o982 Food security: Access by all people at all times to nutritionally adequate, safe, personally acceptable foods from normal food channels. The Four Pillars of Food Security Are: Availability: Sufficient amount at all times, and variety at a reasonable cost. This is affected by time of year/season, civil conflict/war, food preservation and supply. 
 Accessibility: determined by entitlements (the bundle of resources needed to acquire food). Accessibility is affected by: 
 Market prices Employment/funds ($) Production and marketing systems Gender and power relations within the household Education Transportation Water Sanitation Adequacy (provide nourishment): Adequacy is affected by: • Control over resources • Nutrient content of the food/quality • Information about food/nutrition Acceptability: refers to food that is: Personally palatable Acquired by a socially-acceptable means of obtaining food Culturally appropriate Hunger in Developed Countries The main cause of hunger in developed countries like Canada is food poverty. Although enough food exists in the area, it cannot be obtained because of: Lack of money: to buy nutritious foods and pay for other necessities like housing, clothing, medications, utilities… often food is the sacrifice made 
 OS98 Political reasons: up to 8-% of hungry children live in countries that produce surplus food, but the decisions of policy makers in those areas, largely determines who in the population has access to the food. 
 Countries of war: food transportation may be limited. Also, have other concerns beyond hunger 
 Lack of transportation: can they get to a store to access food? 
 Cannot afford: may be on welfare (prices have increased, but welfare moneys have stayed fairly constant), or may be part of working poor (not on welfare because working, but ay too low to meet needs). 
 To stretch meager food supplies, adults often: ◦ Skip meals or cut their portions 
 ◦ May be forced to break social rules: beg from strangers, steal from markets, scavenge through garbage cans, may even harvest dead animals from roadside. Can lead to dangerous food borne illnesses. 
 May rely on foods with low nutrient density, but high calorie density, so calorie needs are met, but not nutritional needs. Inexpensive foods like white bread, mac and cheese, pastas. Diet tend to be low in fruit and vegetables, milk product and meats/protein. 
 http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/about-us/publications/economic-publications/alphabetical-listing/an- overview-of-the-canadian-agriculture-and-agri-food-system-2015/?id=1428439111783#a2 • According to the link above: “About 1/3 of the global food supply is lost or wasted every year. Food is lost or wasted at
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