• Net result is the extinction of many plant species and decrease in biodiversity
Moving Towards Solutions
Everyone (governments, enterprises, educators, professionals, individuals) can play a role in
fighting hunger, poverty and protecting the environment.
What Can You Do?
Leave your car at home – walk/bike to school/work
Choose foods lower on the food chain:
Choose plant foods and smaller fish more often. Grains are the lowest on the food chain,
followed by vegetables and fruit. Smaller fish are lower on the food chain because they
themselves eat lower in the food chain
Limit use of canned beef products. Canned beef products often come at the expense of cleared
rain forest land. 200sq feet of rain forest can be permanently lost for every 1-pound of beef
produced. FIGURE c15.1 in your NCC Supplement compares the amount of grain required to
produce 1 pound of bread versus 1 pound of animal weight gain. Beef requires the MOST to
produce; whereas the bread requires the least.
Grain products require the least amount of energy to produce, followed by plant foods like
vegetables and fruits, and pulses/legumes.
Choose locally grown foods – require less transportation, packaging and refrigeration
Avoid overly packaged foods – choose bulk
Use fast cooking methods – ex. stir fry, microwave, and pressure cooking to use less energy
Practice wise resource use – reduce, reuse, recycle
Promote sustainability – using resources at a rate at which the earth can keep replacing them (ex.
cutting downs tress at a rate no faster than new ones grow). In a sustainable economy,
resources do not deplete and pollution does not accumulate.
◦ Examples of sustainable agricultural practices are:
Integrated pest management – the use of two or more techniques such as crop rotation and
natural predators (rather than pesticides) to control pests OS82
Use of manure to decrease need for chemical fertilizers
Plowing of compost back into the soil to increase its water holding capacity
Open range grazing
SEE TABLE C15.2: High-Input and Low-Input Agricultural Techniques Compared and Table
C15.3: Sustainable Energy-Saving Agricultural Techniques in NCC Supplement
SEE FIGURE C15.2: Ecological Footprints and TABLE C15.4: How Big Is Your Ecological
SEE FIGURE 15.7: Individual Responsibility and Respect for the Environment and look at link
Sensory Evaluation of Foods
Define sensory evaluation
Discuss the five classes of stimuli related to food