need for continues food production.
2. Make sure everyone has access to this food.
The world population is growing at a rapid rate.
Every 30 seconds, 15 children die of malnutrition, while 125 are born.
Every day, the earth gains 222,000 new residents to feed – most born into impoverished nations
(SEE FIGURE 15-5: Income and Birthrate in your NCC Supplement).
When you look at the world food supply, enough food is produced to feed the entire current
population, however many that are in need are unable to get adequate food, while others have
Globally, there are approximately 800 million people who experience hunger and protein-
However there are over 1.1 billion people worldwide who are overweight/obese.
Environmental Issues and Nutrition
Discuss factors that affect global food production and distribution
Define sustainability and discuss sustainable agricultural practices
Discuss ways that you could positively impact the environment
It is important that we have the ability to produce food for the world, while maintaining a healthy
Food and Agricultural Factors Affecting Nutrition and Health:
1. Increased demand for food is influenced by:
Population growth – at the present rate of growth, the world’s population is expected to soon
surpass the current rate of food production o|82
Urbanization – new developments, destroys farmland
Food losses, wastage and spoilage
Demand for high animal-protein diets – plant based foods take the least amount of energy to
produce, while animal foods take the most energy
2. Increased food production is influenced by:
Biotechnology – genetic engineering
Decreased food losses
3. Environmental changes that may have negative effects on food production:
Climate changes – can cause droughts and flooding, destroying crops and peoples homes
Ozone layer depletion – growing thinner, allowing harmful radiation from the sun to
penetrate the earth. May potentially damage crops and ecosystems