Textbook Notes (369,137)
Canada (162,407)
HNSC 1200 (46)
Snehil Dua (46)
Chapter 1

HNSC 1200 Chapter 1: Topic 1.4

3 Pages

Human Nutritional Sciences
Course Code
HNSC 1200
Snehil Dua

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o|82 you ate a food and then felt sick, you are more likely to avoid that food in the future). 
 Personal value: May avoid eating certain foods because of personal beliefs/values (e.g., may avoid red meat or may choose organic foods over conventionally grown products) 
 Weight, health, nutritional value: choosing foods that we perceive to be “good for us” 
 Personal preference: choosing food because of taste 
 Occupation: can influence the pattern of eating that we follow. For example, if we work shift work, we eat our meals at a different time 
 Cultural/ethnic factors: every culture has typical foods and ways of preparing them. Food beliefs, customs, attitudes and taboos affect the diet and determine what foods are acceptable. 
 We tend to view our own patterns of behaviour as being right, normal and superior and this can influence our food choices. Ex. People in Scotland eat porridge, however some British people will not, as they believe oats are for animal consumption, not for humans. 
 Ex. In Mexico, corn is a staple food, however many Europeans believe that corn is for chickens, not people. 
 Ethnocentrism: the belief that one’s own pattern of behaviour is preferred over those of other cultures. 
 Cultural Relativism: an approach of understanding and accepting other cultures. Recognizing that values and beliefs can differ, based on culture, but that are all equal. 
 Food Consumption Trends Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada have made predictions as to Canadian food trends that will be seen up to 2020: 
 Aging Canadians: It is projected that there will be more seniors and fewer children in the Canadian population in 2020 then we have seen in past years. This will influence the types of food that there is demand for in the population. 
 An Evolving Society: It is predicted that brand names will become less of a status symbol, and will be used by consumers to express individuality. Other changes in society are also expected to affect food choices, including decreased family size, environmental awareness, globalization, and participation in the workforce. 
 lc78 Changing Meal Patterns: Food preparation is predicted to decline, with a shift towards small, frequent meals or snacks instead of three meals a day. This would result in a greater demand for more portable food options. 
 Shifting Expenditures: It is forecast that the decline in amount of disposal income spent on food will continue to 2020. This is expected to impact the frequency that Canadians visit restaurants. 
 Food for Health: The most significant health conditions expected to drive food choices are obesity, heart disease and diabetes. 
 The Educated Consumer: Consumers will be more conscious of what is in their foods through label reading, with focus on: Zero trans-fat 
 Low sodium 
 High f
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