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PHIL 1200 (33)
Chapter 13

PHIL 1200 Chapter 13: Topic 9

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University of Manitoba
PHIL 1200
David R.Hampton

lP78R Taken to the extreme, this thought amounts to the view that the only thing that determines the moral value of an act is the agent’s intentions/will. But, as it turns out, “what we do depends in many more ways than these on what is not under our control. And external influences in this broader range are not usually thought to excuse what is done from moral judgment, positive or negative.” A straight-forward example of this: whether we succeed or fail in what we aim at doing is often beyond our control or at least partially determined by chance. And often whether we succeed or fail is morally significant (i.e. it affects the moral assessment of an action). Also, the choices and opportunities (for good or evil) one has is determined to a large extent by chance. SuchconsiderationsleadNageltointroducethenotionofmoralluck: “Where a significant aspect of what someone does depends on factors beyond his control, yet we continue to treat him in that respect as an object of moral judgment, it can
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