= investigates where our ethical principles come from and what
e.g. are moral norms merely social inventions? Do they
involve more than expressions of our individual emotions?
Metaethical answers to these questions focus on the
issues of universal truths, the will of God, the role of
reason in ethical judgments, and the meaning of ethical
= involves examining specific controversial issues, such as
abortion, infanticide, animal rights, environmental concerns,
homosexuality, capital punishment, or nuclear war
by using the conceptual tools of mathematics and
normative ethics, discussions in applied ethics try to
resolve these controversial issues
An important question:
How and why is moral philosophy special?
How does it dif