5. Subjectivism is in contrast with our common conceptions and intuitions
regarding the terms “right” and “wrong.”
When saying that something (e.g. slavery) is morally wrong we do not
only mean it as an expression of our sentiments, but something that is
true regardless of whether anyone actually agrees with it or not (and
perhaps there were not that many people that agreed with it two
Can there be any proof in ethics? What would it have to include?
Does moral subjectivism lead to moral relativism or moral nihilism
(especially given the argument from disagreement, and the comparison
between ethics and the sciences)?
Is there is some sort of psychological standard regarding morals?
What could that be? Could it be the same for all people?
John Stuart Mill ~ Utilitarianism
The project that Mill has in mind
Ethics can be/should be a scientific enterprise
It established principles, which gain their validity from
observation of peoples’ practices
Contrary to the natural sciences, the ultimate principles of ethics