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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 What is Clinical Psychology.pdf

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PSY 257
Donna Darbellay

Chapter 1: What is Clinical Psychology? September 10, 2012 8:42 PM Psychology - a science as opposed to a pseudoscience. There are a number of key issues: 1. Balance 2. Training 3. Theoretical approaches 4. Culture Clinical psychology: • There is a wide range of activity ○ Research ○ Theory ○ Assessment ○ Treatment • Part of a larger discipline ○ Most popular sub-discipline • Ideological Definitions of Clinical Psychology 1. APA: a. 3 basic activities: science, theory and proactive b. 3 purposes: understand, predict, alleviate, promote (maladjustment, disorder, discomfort) c. 5 areas:  Intellectual  Emotional  Biological  Psychological  Social behaviour d. 3 levels:  Adapation  Adjustment  Personal development 2. CPA: practice and research have a reciprocal relationship - broader descriptions exist with more detailed activities and principles (e.g. human welfare and professional conduct). Personal Requirements to Be a Clinical Psychologist 1. Clinical attitude (research and problem oriented): ○ Nomothetic: seek causes and problem oriented. ○ Idiographic: see the individual. 2. Personal character (enduring consequences) ○ Honesty (self and other). ○ Integrity (ordered, principled). ○ Emotional stability (empathy, transference and countertransference) This is necessary due to the interpersonal work that characterizes clinical psychology, as patients are vulnerable. Legal, Educational and Ethical Requirements to Be a Clinical Psychologist The psychologist must be "honest" and can't be objective. 1. Legal ○ Licensure regulations vary.  Regulated at different levels of government (state/province, etc.) 2. Educational requirements: ○ Accredited program (PhD or PsyD) ○ Hours of supervised practice (course, internship and residency requirements, as well as post-doctorate work). ○ Comprehensive exam(s). ○ Character clearance(s). 3. Code of Ethics ○ It is not universal… it's voluntary. ○ It pertains to confidentiality, training and boundaries… there is a daily impact. Clinical Psychology and Related Mental Health Professions 1. Counselling and School Psychologists ○ Training: similar, different emphasis - education in psychology required. ○ Work: Deal less with classical pathology -- more transitional issues. ○ Work Setting: School or private business. ○ Population: Children/adolescents/family. 2. Social Workers ○ Training: Bachelor, Masters or Doctorate in Social Work (specific programs) ○ Work:Therapy, more dealing with transitions and/or social adjustments. ○ Work Setting: courts, schools, prisons, family service agencies, etc. ○ Population: direct and systematic contacts. 3. Psychiatrists: ○ Training: medical degree (M.D.) with specialization - diagnosis and treatments, blood tests, etc. ○ Work: mostly diagnosis and prescriptive (little therapy). ○ Work Setting: hospitals, clinics an
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