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Chapter 1

ANTH100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Cultural Anthropology, Structural Anthropology, Institute For Operations Research And The Management Sciences

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Maria Liston

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Chapter Objectives:
Compare and Contrast the Four major subfields of anthropology
Describe how the field of anthropology is holistic, interdisciplinary, and global.
Explain how the scientific method is used in anthropological explanations
Discuss how the field of anthropology bridges both the sciences and the humanities
Describe why any student should study anthropology
First Contact: initial encounters between peoples of different societies.
Today first contacts happen through emails, social media, etc.
Anthropologists used a variety of field methods, techniques, and theoretical approaches in their
investigations, which have two goals:
To understand the uniqueness and diversity of human behaviour and human societies
around the world.
Discover the fundamental similarities that connect human beings throughout the world in
both the past and present.
The Four Subfields of Anthropology
Biological Anthropology
Linguistic anthropology
Cultural anthropology
The four subfields bridge sciences, social sciences, and the humanities.
And finally we have Applied Anthropology: uses anthropological data from the other subfields
to deal with modern problems and concerns.
Anthropology: the study of mankind.
Biological Anthropology: (physical anthropology) the branch of anthropology that is
concerned with humans as a biological species.
Biological anthropologist conduct research in: human evolution and modern human
Most evidence for human origins consists of fossils. (The study of human existence
through fossil examination in paleoanthropology.)
Primatology: the study of primates. Primates are a diverse order of mammals that share
an evolutionary history with humans and, therefore, have many common physical
characteristics with humans.
Another group of Biological anthropologist focus on physical variation within and among
different modern human populations. They measure physical characteristics (body size,
blood type, skin colour, etc.) as well as other various genetic traits.
Skeletal structure is a focus of biological anthropological research (human osteology).
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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