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Canada (158,525)
Commerce  (111)
COMM 231 (60)
Chapter 3

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COMM 231
Joseph Radocchia

Chapter 3: Law of Torts Tort law: compensate victims for harm caused by the activities of others Fault: unjustifiable injurious conduct that intentionally or carelessly disregards the interest of others. (Defects: accident victims who cannot establish fault go uncompensated. ) Strict liabilities: parties are liable for any resulting damage even if they are blameless Public policy: considerations or objectives that are considered beneficial to society as a whole (no-fault insurance and worker’s compensation) Vicarious liabilities: even a blameless employer is responsible for employees’ tort when they are employed. Intentional Tort: done deliberately. Even if the harm is unexpected. Harm or damage need to be committed. - Assault (threat of violence) and Battery (actual physical contact) - Nuisance o Public nuisance (blocking the road). Suit is brought upon by the government against the wrongdoer o Private nuisance: interference with an occupier’s use and enjoyment of his land. (no absolute freedom, court looks at the degree of interference and the occupier’s use and enjoyment of the land) - False Imprisonment and malicious prosecution (causing a person to be prosecuted for a crime without an honest belief that the crime was committed) - Defamation: libel (written defamation) and slander (oral defamation). Communication of the offending statement to someone other than the person defamed.  Absolute privilege : complete immunity from liability for defamation. (parliamentary debate)  Qualified privilege: immunity from liability for defamation provided a statement was made in good faith. (writing a reference letter)  Responsible communication on matters of public interest: journalism. - Other intentional torts related to business  Inducing a breach of contract: cause one party to breach his contract with another  Unlawful interference with economic relations: use threats to induce one person to discontinue business relations with another.  Product defamation: making false and damagin
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