Career planning and development: the deliberate process through which a person becomes aware of personal career-related attributes and the lifelong series of activities that contribute to his or her career ful llment. Career planning can play a signi cant role in retaining employees in organization and reducing turnover of valued workers. Key factor in retention: organizational culture, fair processes, and managers. Career: a series of work-related positions, paid or unpaid, that help a person to grow in job skill success, and ful llment. Career planning: is the deliberate process through which someone becomes aware of personal skills, interests, knowledge, motivations, and other characteristics; acquire information about opportunities and choices; identi es career-related goals; and establishes action plans to attain speci c goals. Occupational orientation: the theory, that there are six basic personal orientations that determine the sorts of careers to which people are draw. Vocational preference test: realistic orientation. these people are attracted to occupations that involve physical.