Textbook Notes (368,113)
Canada (161,656)
INTST 101 (33)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Textbook Notes + Lecture Notes!

3 Pages
94 Views
Unlock Document

Department
International Studies
Course
INTST 101
Professor
Brian Orend
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 1 September 11, 2013 7:00 PM Act I: Setting the World Stage Chapter 1: Core Concepts and Historical Contexts Countries Over 200 countries in the world, almost all land is claimed except: International waters: 200 nm outside of shore Public places that belongs to no countries: Antarctica, international waters, near space International airspace: 20 miles up North pole all claimed due to developed countries close to it South pole: is the most inhospitable place on earth MENA: Middle East and North Africa region Tragedy of the commons: when things are held in common the asset decays and falls apart due to no one responsible Top languages of the world by first language: Chinese Mandarin for the loss. No one cares to, no incentive to preserve it. Spanish Current example: Giant pacific garbage patch English No one is responsible for it Hindi-Urdu Arabic A country includes: territory (natural resources), population (people), culture (high & low), state (government) Top religionsof the world: Christianity Culture is a way of life: Low -> common or wide spread forms of belief and behaviour Islam Secular (No religion) daily life/common habits Eat, drink, socialize -> language Entertainment/technology Core infrastructure: water, housing, transportation, clothing, education, healthcare Religion High -> the very best of that society DASPORA -> spread of population What we put in museums or what we teach children Ground breaking works of art, music of great beauty, architecture, famous literature Nation: people State: government, that rule the people Nation state = country State vs. Non-State Actors Non-state actors (non-governmental groupings) State Actors (the government) • Multinational Corporations (MNC) • Make the rules and enforce them • Non-governmental organization (NGO) • Legislation and executive powers (cops, military) • Social Movements • Defend society from domestic criminals and foreign invaders ○ Occupy movement • Control membership,immigration and border control • Interest Groups • Decide what's legaland not ○ MADD ○ Set the ground rules for every thing ○ National Rifle Association • Massive financial resources via taxation • Churches/ReligionsOrganizations • Represent that society to the rest of the world • Media • Decide war and peace, economic and social policies, build • Armed Forces infrastructure, respond to public emergences ○ Terrorist groups (Violence against civilianpopulations) • Huge impact on our lives ○ Insurgent Forces (revolutionary armed groups) ○ Private Militias (Angry guys with guns) ○ Private Military Corporation (PMC) /Mercenaries  Guns for hire, professional soldiers  Blackwater now Academie State formation 200,000 years ago -> humans first appeared City states has a tight knit sense of community Nomadic hunters/gathers Tiny city states ultimately failed due to economies of scale and military invasion 10,000 years ago -> first agricultural settlement/towns Babylon/Mesopotamia, now Iraq 8 BCE -> Greek city-states Failure to unite all Greek speaking city-states led to the ultimate conquest first Alexander the Great and then the Roman empire (146 BCE) 500 AD to 500 BC -> Roman Empire, first great European Empire 1500 AD -> European nation-state States How did states form and then spread? First in Europe then via European imperialism,colonialism 1492-1945 then to the rest of the world Modern state is an attempt to occupy the best of both worlds between tiny Greek city- states and huge cosmopolitan empires e.g. Rome Logic of Empires Empire: a system of governance forged in military conquest Colonies Dependencies Roman Empire: Most successful in the history of the world From Britain, to Egypt, from Spain to Syria Survived 1000 years Relationship represents (Abstractly) Conquest Relationship entails (Concretely) Domination Military force Political leadership Protection Exploitation Investment Some citizenship rights Metropole Mother city Mother country core Failure of empires: Too big to govern efficiently Relationship Represents (Abstractly) Too many people groups Incompetent late leaders Defeat Relationship entails (Concretely) Subjection Extraction Political allegiance Taxes Obedience Brain drain of the best and brightest Natural resources After Rome: Near East remodelledto the Byzantine Empire Colonies West had more wars and dissolved into small ethnic groups Not much information survived,hence the dark ages (500 - 1000 AD) Warlords started conquering territory and reuniting land Treaty of Westphalia Latin from the Roman Empire was not used Deal struck to end the thirty years of war Many new languages were derivatives of Latin Live with difference French, Italian and Spanish (Middle Ages 1000-1500 AD) Decide what prevailsin your own country Rise of modern nation-state Mid-sized territory Political sovereignty Common language and literature the right of a group of people to rule themselves INTST101 Page 1 Latin from the Roman Empire was not used Deal struck to end the thirty years of war Many new languages were derivatives of Latin Live with difference French, Italian and Spanish (Middle Ages 1000-1500 AD) Decide what prevailsin your own country Rise of modern nation-state Mid-sized territory Political sovereignty Common language and literature the right of a group of people to rule themselves Own kings and queens The right to make its own laws, respect the right of all other countries to do the same Own customs and food Own religion -> wanted to break away from the Roman Catholic Territorial integrity: a community or country has a right to some liveableterritory and all natural resources on it resulted in the thirty years war 1618-1648 not having it invaded or stolen from others Now how did the rest of the world comes to this system (Westphalian System)? End of European Imperialism European colonialism and imperialism 1500-1975 Fierce competition between European nation 1492 the new world is discovered Biggest, richest, and most powerful empire Empires reborn Lenin -> logic of imperialism New opportunity to grow power, wealth, and prestige for their own nation states System of imperialismis set up for war A lot of resource extraction from the world to Europe WWI - 1914-1918 (UK, France, Russian vs. Germany, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman) Good for European capitals, bad for the rest of the world 20 milliondie American colonist were the first to realize this injustice and over thrown the British rule Spanish flu: 20 more milliondie American Revolution (1776-1783) Treaty of Versailles Others not so lucky Breaks up the Ottoman Empire, between UK and France Until the end of WW2- 1945 Start of West's involvement in the middle east Inconclusive war Severe punishment on Germany Problems led to the support of Nazi Party WW2 1939-1945 70 milliondied No one can afford an empire anymore 1945-1995 - decolonization
More Less

Related notes for INTST 101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit