ARBUS 204 - Communication Reading 2
Identities are shaped by larger forces than friends and family: age and place in history, sex,
sexual orientation, physical ability or disability and cultural background.
Language and identity shape the way we think and feel about ourselves.
Minority and majority languages
Evident in Canada’s diverse multicultural society (First Nations and Francophone
Culture values and norms also shape our identities.
Individualism vs. Collectivism
Helping oneself vs. feeling loyalties and obligation to an in-group: a person’s
extended family, community, or organization one works for
Self reliance and competition vs. attentive to group’s needs and opinions
Individualistic cultures: Canada, USA, Australia, and Britain
Collectivistic culture: Latin American and Asian cultures
Viewing themselves in terms of what they do vs. in terms of their membership in an
Differences in how conflict is handled and tolerated (superstars, direct solution
oriented approach vs. less direct, team players)
Democratic societies accept equality as fundament