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PHIL215 Chapter Notes -Conscience Vote, John Locke, Totalitarianism


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL215
Professor
Brian Orend

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Business Ethics and Ethical Business
The Role of Business in a Free Democracy
- Free democracy is important for businesses to run. A free democracy implies two things 1.
Liberty is protected and 2. A democracy in which everyone gets a free vote
- There will be freedom… but how much freedom?
- There will be inequality… but how much inequality?
-
- Usually the wealthiest people are those with 1) Special Skills or 2) Good Fortune
- Favor freedom or favor equality?
- The two democratic traditions
- Capitalism
Modern democracy
Declaration of Independence -->> life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
John Lock-->> life, liberty and property
Property
You need property rights and a free democracy to be happy
Property is something owned, you can use it, give it or own it.
Property rights with legal values are important for economic freedom
Capitalism is built off of social system where free trade is protected
“ What we own we trade, what we legally own, we legally trade”
Capitalism is the opposite of socialism
Socialism little private property, everything is owned and distributed by the
government
Joke: The difference between capitalism, socialism, and totalitarian communism
Two cows:
Totalitarism Government takes the cows and shoots you
Socialism Government takes the cows and lets you milk them
Capitalism You have two cows, and you sell one for a bull
- Democracy
Liberty
John Lock’s Lockean View
Tradition of English Liberty
Liberty = the right to become UNEQUAL in wealth, political influence,
and cultural influence… Since each person votes, each person gets a fair
chance
Property rights are essential for a just and fair society. In John Lock’s
theory of property acccuisition, he noted that the wealthiest in America,
are those who acquired unowned land ( unsettled America), mixed it
with labor i.e. farming, and then eventually passed it through
generations and generations to get money. This is why people who
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