Reasons for Migration
Push and Pull factors
Social aspects of the migrant
Relationship between two countries
Why Canada accepts immigrants
Support the economy
Uphold humanitarian commitments
Temporary foreign worker First brought to deal with labour shortages but are now a critical part of
horticultural sector in Canada
-This is the initial stages of immigration that follow the arrival of the immigrant or refugee.
-It includes housing, employment, transportation, familiarizing oneself with local geography and locating
necessary goods and services.
-Cultural adaptation and language and climate adjustments are also made
-"Suitable employment and housing are essential dimensions of settlement and greatly determine
immigrants capacities to deal with other elements of the settlement process," (Bunting, 2010, p. 155).
-Visible minorities often deal with issues of price and suitability for these houses
-Immigrants deal with credential recognition (i.e. recognition of formal education or work experience
from other countries)
-In 2002, visible minorities made 23.2% less household income than non-visible minorities
-Settlement Services have been created to support new immigrants, such as:
-Hamilton has implemented the "Immigrant Workforce Integration Network" to integrate immigrants
into jobs at their optimal skill level
-Language programs (Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada) are being done at federal,
provincial and local levels