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PSCI 264 (14)

Week 10.docx

3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
PSCI 264
Oleg Kodolov

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Week 10 11/21/2013  In the judiciary, the judges serve for life.  Unless they behave out of order. In that case they have to face impeachment.   Protects them from public criticism.   One of the purpose it to balance the rights of the minorities & majorities.  • Not supposed to be responsive to public pressure. They are not politicians, not supposed to  succumb to public. Not supposed to be a popular institution. Supposed to protect the  constitutions. Protection of the rights of minorities. Not supposed to act based on what the  majority wants.   Supreme Court has the power to declare what is Constitutional & what is not is called judicial  review.  • NOT written in the Constitution. o Marbury v. Madison (1803)  Civil servant, opponent of Madison (president at the time). Went against  Marbury. Supreme Court stated that they have the right to against part of the  legislation.  Judiciary defined their powers themselves. • Major power of the supreme court. o Strike down the laws or not strike down.   John Marshall – 4  chief justice. Served for 35 years. • Here, Court established firmly its role in structure of the US gov’t.  Chief Justice Roberts  • Role of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. o Not the same as the Chiefs   Justices choose which cases they would like to hear. • They decide together. The case has to travel through all Court levels to reach the Supreme  Court.  o District Court (1) o Court of Appeals (2)  13 CoA’s in the US.  Justices travel in circuits. 12 circuits. Geographically divided.  • i.e. Court of Appeal for the 11  circuit. Each circuit deals
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