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Richard Ennis

Unit 1: Modules 1 ­ 3 Module 1 1-1 when and how did psychological science begin?  Psychological science had its modern beginning with the first psychological laboratory, founded in 1879 by German philosopher and physiologist Wilhelm Wundt, and from the later work of other scholars from several disciplines and many countries  Two schools of thought: • Structuralism o Introduced by Wundt's student Edward Bradford Titchener o An early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind • Functionalism o William James was a functionalist who was influenced by Charles Darwin o A school of psychology that focused on hoe mental and behavioural processes function - how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish 1-2 how did psychological science continue to develop from the 1920s through today?  Having begun as a "science of mental life," psychology evolved in the 1920s into the "scientific study of observable behaviour." After rediscovering the mind, psychology since the 1960s has been widely defined as the science of behaviour and metal processes Watson and Skinner  Behaviourism - the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behaviour without reference to mental processes. • Most research psychologists today agree that it is an objective science but do not agree that behaviour has no reference to mental processes • You cannot observe a sensation, feeling, or thought, but you can observe and record a person's behaviour as they respond to different situations  Humanistic psychology - historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth • Rebels against Freudian psychology and behaviourism • Maslow and Rogers Unit 1: Modules 1 ­ 3  Cognitive neuroscience - the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)  Psychology - science of behaviour and mental processes • Behaviour is any action we an observe and record o Yelling, smelling, sweating, talking, etc • Internal, subjective experiences we infer from behaviour o Sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, etc  Psychology is growing and it is globalizing 1-3 what is psychology's historic big issue?  Concerns the relative contributions and interplay between the influences of nature (genes/biology) and nurture (all other influences/experiences, from conception to death) • Today's science emphasizes the interaction of ge
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