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Psych101 TextBook Notes.pdf

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Richard Ennis

TextBookNotes PYSCH101 K Schleicher Psychology Learning Objectives Introduction Content of Psychologythe basic model of psychology includes Environment Person Behavior Outcome EnvironmentQuestionIs behavior learned or is it within us and how does it escalate ABCs of psychologyAaffect mood emotion and feelingsBbehaviorthings that you doCcognition thought processes how you process information or interpret situations Perspectives of Psychology Psychodynamic the action takes place with the person they look at the unconscious mind Behaviorist the answer lies within the environmenteg How the person learned to respond to the environment Cognitive Movement the person plats a role in the effect of the environment people havingdifferent views on solving situations TextBookNotes PYSCH101 K Schleicher Biology looks at the brain opposed to the mind Various biology perspectivesapproaches that have helped psychology1 Neuropsychologyphysical workings of the brain2 Geneticsgenetic discoveries related to how we feel3 EvolutionDarwin how they evolve as fixed patterns in reference to certainconditions eg Dating SocioCultural why the individual is aggressive vs why the society is aggressive Science of Psychology Goals Know how to control your world and predict your world to understand and explain it Scientific Method of Refinement children assume different ways of obtaining what they want by watching parents obtain an observation to create a theorygain understanding Criteria of Science you need evidence to support theories1 Empiricalturning something into numbers quantify the impact2 Replicationcan you replicate it Replicate it with other populations3 Falsifiablevalid theory you need to try to prove it wrong an attempt todisprove somethingif its nonfalsifiable then it can be proved wrong Correlation and causal relationships correlation relating them two things eg Persians and accidents vs nobreakfast causal causation what is being proved Correlation can prove the reason forsomething occurring Developmental Psychology Piagets Cognitive Theory Overview Characteristics and features of Piagets theory Schema building blocks of our understanding of the worldthe first step is the child getting to know the world interacting with their TextBookNotes PYSCH101 K Schleicherworld and then they start to understand and are able to follow the directionsof the parents developing schema creating a cognitive structure of what thingsareeg with the dog and the child relating the dog to BowWowcaterpillar theory a developmental sequence doesnt see children as miniature little adults with no thoughtstheory protects children child labor laws start to come into play Equilibration and Disequilibrationwe are wanting to restore equilibration you are happy when nothing is contradicting your schema what you know When something does not fit into our schema when the child encounters a catsomething in the external world that doesnt exist it creates disequilibration so then the child will explore to determine what its new understanding of the world is acquiring new knowledge to obtain a new schema and once again having equilibration Assimilation and Accomodation Process Assimilation the child takes the external evidence and makes it fit and forces it to be a part of its world in denial that a cat is different than a dog Eg USA culture Accomodation changing your schema to match the incoming information making changes to the existing belief Eg Canadian Culture Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Experience and understand the immediate birth2 world through senses and actions looking touching mouthing Preoperational Represent things with words and symbols 26 but lack logical reasoning ability to pretend Concrete Operational Think logically about concrete events 711 mental operations with symbols perform arithmetical operations Formal Operational Think and reason abstractly solve 12adult theoretical problems and answer hypothetical questions moral reasoningChildren go through the phases a little earlier than what he predicted Play and Cognitive DevelopmentA child does different things to develop new ideas of the world eating and exploring
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