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PSYCH 101 (332)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Understanding the Sociological Imagination1.txt

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Barry Mc Clinchey

Chapter 1Understanding the Sociological ImaginationThe Sociological PerspectiveSociology The systematic study of human groups and their interactionsSociological Perspective A view of society based on the dynamic relationships between individuals and the larger social network in which we all live any decision made by an individual have social significancesCharles Wright Mills and The Sociological Perspective C W Mills suggested people who do not recognize the social origins and character of their problems may be unable to respond to such problems effectively failing to appreciate how problems are influenced by larger social forces diminishes a persons ability to understand and solve them Mills believed that the individual and the social are linked and one cannot fully understand one without the other explained through personal troubles and social issuesPersonal Troubles Personal challenges that require individual solutionsex Only you failing the math midtermSocial Issues Challenges caused by larger social factors that require collective solutionsex Entire class fails the math midterm when people face personal failure they often do not ask for help because of their quality of mindQuality of Mind Mills term for the ability to view a personal circumstance within a social contextex You fail the math midterm but you see if other people in the class struggled as well You find out that the entire class has failed the math midterm and you attribute it to confusion over which chapters were on the midterm by not letting others know about personal troubles larger social issues would never be brought up to light to improve quality of mind sociologists must expose to individuals what he calls the sociological imaginationSociological Imagination The ability to understand the dynamic relationship between individuals lives and the larger society To see oneself as the product of the society they live inCheerful Robots The people unwilling or unable to see the social world as it truly existsPeter Berger Sociological Perspective Berger defines the sociological perspective as the ability to view the world from two distinct yet complementary perspectives seeing the general in the particular and seeing the strange in the familiar seeing the general the particular is the ability to look at seemingly unique events and then recognize the larger or more general features involvedex Seeing a beggar ask for change and then knowing that there are many more beggars around the world that you cannot see but know exist seeing the strange in the familiar is to question why we do the things we doWhat Makes You You Engaging the Sociological ImaginationAgency The assumption that individuals have the ability to alter their socially constructed livesStructure The network of relatively stable opportunities and constraints influencing individual behavioursex Being gaylesbian or having an interracial relationship presents its own challenges and opportunities agency vs structure is highly debated in sociological field does one have the power to change their lives or does society dictate the way ones life runs 5 factors that have the most influence on ones life minority status gender socioeconomical status family structure urbanrural differences
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