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PSYCH 101 (332)
Chapter

Psych 101

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 101
Professor
Richard Ennis
Semester
Winter

Description
Module 5558 Social Psychology Module 55 Social Thinking 551 Social psychology the scientific study of how we think about influence and relate to one another Social psychologists study the social influences that help explain why the same person will act differently in different situations Dispositional attribution is due to personality while a situational attribution is a reaction eg to stress or abuse Attribution theory suggests how we explain someones behaviour by crediting either the situation or the persons disposition Fundamental attribution error the tendency for observers when analyzing anothers behaviour to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition How we explain someones behaviour affects how we react to it 553 Attitude feelings often based on our beliefs that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects people and events 555 Attitudes can affect actions but actions can also affect attitudes People will come to believe in what they have stood up for Footinthedoor phenomenon the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply alter with a larger request When you adopt a new role you strive to follow the social prescriptionsCognitive dissonance when we become aware that our attitudes and actions dont coincide we experience tensionCognitive dissonance theory the theory that we act to reduce the discomfort dissonance we feel when two of our thoughts cognitions are inconsistent For example when our awareness of our attitudes and of our actions clash we can reduce the resulting dissonance by changing our attitudes The less coerced and more responsible we feel for a troubling act the more dissonance we feel The more dissonance we feel the more motivated we are to find consistency such as changing our attitudes to help justify the act
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