Textbook Notes (362,730)
Canada (158,028)
Psychology (998)
PSYCH 207 (48)

mod 4-6.docx

8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
Spencer Stephen

Selective attention the focusing of cognitive resources on one or a small number of tasks to the exclusion of othersAutomaticeasy and effortless with no attention Divided attentionFocus attention Spatial attention objects and events in our environmentUnattendend attentioninformation thats not attendedCognitive neuropsychologymechanisms involved when we pay attention Dichotic listening task a task in which a person hears two or more different specially recorded messages over earphones and is asked to attend to one of them Binaural presentation both messages are heard in both earsFilter theory a theory of attention proposing that information that exceeds the capacity of a processor to process at any given time is blocked from further processingCocktail party effect you hear your name but werent paying attention to the other speakerAttenuation theory a model of attention in which unattended perceptual events are transmitted in weakened form but not blocked completely before processed for meaningPrimed the word threshold is loweredthe dog chases the we think catBottleneck a point at which the processes a person can bring to bear on information are greatly limitedArousal state of alertnessData limited depends on the quality of the incoming data not the mental effortLate selection theory a model of attention in which all perceptual messages whether attended or not are processed for some meaning Stroop effect a task invented by JR Stroop in which a subject sees a list of words printed in colour that differs from the word named The subject is asked to say the colour of ink Demonstrates great difficultyAutomatic processingthe carrying out of a cognitive task with minimal resources Typically automatic processing occurs without intention interferes minimally with other cognitive tasks and may not involve conscious awareness Without intention No conscious awareness No interference with other activies Parallel No limitationsControlled processing the carrying out of a cognitive task with a deliberate allocation of cognitive resources Typically controlled processing occurs on difficult andor unfamiliar tasks requiring attention and is under conscious controlSerial attention limied Under conscious control
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 207

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.