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Module B- Social Psychology in the Clinic.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 253
Professor
Steve Spencer
Semester
Fall

Description
Module B: Social Psychology in the Clinic  Clinical Psychology: the study, assessment, and treatment of people with psychological difficulties  Clinical psychology seeks to answer four questions: 1. As laypeople or as professional psychologists, how can we improve our judgements and predictions about others? 2. How do the ways in which we think about self and others fuel problems such as depression, anxiety, and ill health? 3. How might people reverse these maladaptive thought patterns? 4. What part do close, supportive relationships play in health and happiness?  Clinical judgements are also social judgements, and thus vulnerable to illusory correlation, overconfidence bred by hindsight, and self-confirming diagnoses  Illusory correlation: if a person expected a particular association they generally perceived it, regardless of whether the data was supportive. Believing that a relationship existed between two things, people are more likely to notice confirming instances.  Professional clinicians are frequently the victims of illusory correlation  Are too readily convinced of their own after-the-fact-analyses  Often failed to appreciate that erroneous diagnoses can be self-confirming  Often overestimate the predictive powers o
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